Basic structure and rules for writing an essay.

Basic Essay Structure

The most basic, most conventional essay structure in English includes introduction > body conclusion that is. Many academic papers involve this structure, though it is generally adapted for some reason to accommodate different topics and purposes.

This structure is popular since it ensures that the primary points of the essay are extremely clear and well supported. The introduction provides the writer’s overall point and purpose in the essay. The body gives support with this overall point. The conclusion restates the point that is overall.

A prototype essay of this structure includes in more detail


The purpose of the introduction is always to capture the reader’s attention, lead the reader into your topic and give the reader your point that is overall or.

A structure that is conventional introductions is general to specific. These introductions begin with some general statements on an interest (e.g. a development or trend, an fact that is interesting a situation, a common belief or argument), before moving onto the particular issue or problem that the essay will cope with. They end with the overall point and/or intent behind the essay – which is sometimes called the thesis statement. This thesis statement must be supported by then the rest of the essay.

Everyone understands that vitamin D is the sunshine vitamin, and therefore vitamin D is essential once and for all health. Researchers have shown that vitamin D prevents illnesses such as rickets, improves the condition of the skin, regulates the system that is immune escalates the rate of metabolism (Nordwist 2000). Regardless of this general knowledge, however, many people today still suffer from vitamin D deficiencies across the world. This essay overviews what causes this continuing health condition.

(Adapted from Reed 1988: The Process of Composition)

Note: If your essay is created in reply to a question that is particular make sure your thesis statement is clearly highly relevant to the question!


Your body associated with the essay is split into paragraphs. The aim within these paragraphs is to clearly support your essay’s thesis statement.

Clear paragraphs usually contain just one point that is main is then supported. The overall part of the paragraph is known as the topic sentence. This typically occurs at the start of the paragraph.

A significant reason for vitamin D deficiency is sun exposure that is limited. Human skin produces vitamin D if it is exposed to the sunlight. Many people who live not even close to the equator when you look at the northern and hemispheres that are southern inadequate contact with the sun’s rays since the sun’s rays are not strong enough during winter season. Having an indoor occupation and using sunscreen also limit the quantity of sun exposure a person receives.

(Adapted from “Better Medicine, Healthgrades” 2012)

The key point of this example paragraph is expressed within the topic sentence, “an essential reason for vitamin D deificiency is limited sun exposure”. This aspect will be explained because of the other countries in the paragraph.

Make certain you support your topic sentence well before moving onto a fresh point and paragraph that is new. With many short paragraphs, you probably need to think more about your argument and read more about your topic to develop your ideas if you find yourself. Otherwise, the reader will find your argument hasty and superficial.

Make sure also that the paragraphs are sequenced logically so your reader can easily follow your line of thought for the essay. This often involves starting paragraphs with logical connectors:

The issue that is final may cause.

This reminds your reader for the overall point/purpose of the essay and ties the essay together.


The goal of the final outcome is to briefly remind the reader of the overall point, possibly suggest wider implications, and provide the essay a satisfying feeling of closure.

To conclude, vitamin D deficiency is actually more wide-spread than many people realize. In developing countries, the cause is frequently poverty and resulting malnutrition. In Western countries, however, the nagging issue is typically an overly processed or imbalanced diet. More effort therefore has to be designed to increasing awareness that is public of vitamin D sources.

The final outcome is another good possibility to tie the essay together and work out it clear that you have supported your point well.

Note that in a essay writer very short paper, you should avoid giving an excessive amount of an overview. The reader will remember most of the points, so it will feel unnecessary. Instead, summarize only briefly that is very then move onto wider implications and final comments.